East African Community Court of Justice Rules of Procedure, 2019

The East African Community (EAC) is a regional intergovernmental organization comprising six member states: Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, South Sudan, Tanzania, and Uganda. Established with the goal of fostering economic, political, social, and cultural integration, the EAC plays a crucial role in regional development and cooperation. To ensure the proper functioning of the EAC legal framework, the East African Community Court of Justice was established. The Court serves as the judicial arm of the EAC, providing a forum for the resolution of disputes arising within the community.

One of the key components that govern the functioning of the Court is the East African Community Court of Justice Rules of Procedure, 2019. These rules serve as the procedural guidelines that dictate how cases are instituted, heard, and decided within the Court.

Institution of Cases

The process of initiating a case in the East African Community Court of Justice is outlined in Rule 3 of the Rules of Procedure. To institute a case, a party must submit a written application, referred to as a plaint, to the Registrar of the Court. The plaint should contain specific details, including the parties involved, the nature of the dispute, and the relief sought.

Additionally, the plaint must be accompanied by relevant documents and a statement of the facts and legal issues at hand. This helps ensure that the Court is equipped with all the necessary information to conduct a fair and thorough examination of the case.

Hearing Process

Once a case is properly instituted, it moves through various stages of the hearing process. Rule 5 outlines the steps involved, which include the filing of pleadings, pre-trial conferences, and the presentation of evidence. The Court may also request written submissions or oral arguments from the parties involved.

The hearing process is conducted in a manner that upholds the principles of fairness, impartiality, and transparency. This ensures that each party has an opportunity to present their case and respond to the arguments put forth by the opposing party.

Summons and Notices

Rule 6 of the Rules of Procedure governs the issuance of summons and notices. The Court has the authority to issue summons to parties involved, witnesses, or any other individuals whose presence is deemed necessary for the proper adjudication of the case. These summons must be served in a timely and effective manner, allowing sufficient time for the parties to prepare for the proceedings.

Additionally, the Court provides notices of hearings, conferences, and other relevant events to the parties involved. This ensures that all parties are informed of the schedule and have an opportunity to participate in the proceedings.


In cases where a party is dissatisfied with the decision of the Court, they have the option to file an appeal. Rule 22 of the Rules of Procedure outlines the procedure for lodging an appeal, including the grounds on which an appeal can be based.

The appeal process allows for a thorough review of the original decision, ensuring that any errors or legal interpretations are properly addressed. This serves as a crucial mechanism for upholding the integrity of the Court’s decisions.

Security of Costs

Rule 31 of the Rules of Procedure addresses the issue of security of costs. This rule provides the Court with the authority to order a party to provide security for the costs of the proceedings. This serves as a safeguard against frivolous or vexatious litigation, ensuring that parties are held accountable for the expenses incurred during the legal process.

In conclusion, the East African Community Court of Justice Rules of Procedure, 2019, play a vital role in guiding the functioning of the Court. By providing a clear and comprehensive framework for the institution of cases, hearing procedures, issuance of summons, appeals, and security of costs, these rules contribute to the effectiveness and fairness of the judicial process within the EAC. Adhering to these rules ensures that the Court can fulfill its mandate of promoting justice and upholding the rule of law in the East African Community.